Person Record

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Name Hilles, Florence Bayard, 1865-1954
Born 1866
Places of residence Delaware
Father Bayard, Thomas Francis, 1828-1898 (30th
Notes Florence Bayard Hilles of Delaware was the daughter of the 30th U.S. Secretary of State, Thomas Francis Bayard (1828-1898). Her father later served as Ambassador to Russia and the Court of St. James. Florence Bayard Hilles was one of the Founders of the National Woman's Party. She also founded the Sewall-Belmont House and Museum's library that bears her name in 1943, which is the oldest Feminist Library in the history of the United States. Hilles served as National Chairman of the NAtional Woman's Party from 1933-1936. Before the 19th Ammendment passed in 1920, Hilles was one of the many women sent to the Occoquan Virginia Workhouse. She was sentenced to sixty days because of her Suffrage activities, and was pardoned by President Wilson after three days.
Occupation Florence Bayard Hilles was one of the Founders of the National Woman's Party. She also founded the Sewall-Belmont House and Museum's library that bears her name in 1943, which is the oldest Feminist Library in the history of the United States. Hilles served as National Chairman of the NAtional Woman's Party from 1933-1936. Before the 19th Ammendment passed in 1920, Hilles was one of the many women sent to the Occoquan Virginia Workhouse. She was sentenced to sixty days because of her Suffrage activities, and was pardoned by President Wilson after three days.
Relationships the daughter of the 30th U.S. Secretary of State, Thomas Francis Bayard (1828-1898). Her father later served as Ambassador to Russia and the Court of St. James.
Spouse William S. Hilles, lawyer

Associated Records

Image of National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.001.001

National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.001.001

The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings, photographs, pamphlets, and ephemera related to the National Woman's Party between 1920 and 1954. The scrapbook has a front cover of beige faux leather with an ornamental border and a plain faux leather back. Dora G. Ogle is signed in blue ink below an affixed paper label that is faded and crumbling. Below is a typed prayer on a paper label. The scrapbook is bound by a string. Numerous pages are not bound and there are loose items.

Image of National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.001.002

National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.001.002

The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings, photographs, pamphlets, and ephemera related to the National Woman's Party between 1929 and 1938. The scrapbook has a front cover of faux green leather with Scrap Book in the center rectangle surrounded by an ornamental border and a plain faux leather back. The scrapbook is bound by a string. Numerous pages are not bound and there are loose items.

Image of National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.001.003

National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.001.003

The scrapbook contains portrait photographs and biographical information on members of the National Woman's Party as well as group photos, newspaper clippings, and ephemera. The scrapbook has a front cover of faux beige leather with "Scrap Book" in the center rectangle surrounded by an ornamental border and a plain faux leather back. The scrapbook is bound by a string. Numerous pages are not bound and there are loose items.

Image of National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.004

National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.004

Scrapbook contains newspaper clippings related to suffrage, including the Congressional Union for Woman's Suffrage and NAWSA, Nina Allender, parades and speeches led by suffragists, and voting on the constitutional amendment in congress. Also, in the scrapbook is a hand-written note dated March 12, 1962 to Betty Powell. On the back side of this paper is a list of scrapbooks of the Nat. Woman's Party, including Mrs. Allender's Clippings...Past date in Mrs. Allender's Scrapbook May 2, 1914. The scrapbook is a notebook with a green cover. On the front is a torn address label with National Woman's Party/ 144 B Street, Northeast/ Capitol Hill/ Washington 2 D.C. /10. On the label is handwritt

Image of National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.007

National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.007

The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings dating from 1926 to 1928 on political, societal, and economic issues related to women and the objectives the National Woman's Party. The scrapbook has a black cloth cover. In the upper left corner of the front cover, The Ideal Scrap Book is impressed in gold lettering. A small, torn piece of a label remains on the front cover. The scrapbook was originally bound, but many pages are not secured by the black string. Many of the pages are discolored and rippled, and glue dots are exposed. There are loose newspaper clippings.

Image of National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.010

National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.010

The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings related to the introduction of the Equal Rights Amendment to Congress in 1943, as well as related equal rights topics about the legal, political and social status of women. (See Notes for more information on topics of newspaper articles.) The scrapbook has a green cover with an impressed decorative border design and SCRAP BOOK in gold lettering in the center. The scrapbook cover, back and pages are not bound although these all have two holes to allow for binding by string. The pages have discolored over time and the fragile pages are deteriorating with many pages torn at edges and corners.

Image of National Woman's Party Congressional Voting Card Collection - 1923.023.001

National Woman's Party Congressional Voting Card Collection - 1923.023.001

Congressional Voting Card File, 1915-1932 The following is typed on 8.5" x 11" paper stationary United States Senate Committee on the District of Columbia November 21,1923 Mrs. William S. Hilles, 4014 du Pont Building, Wilmington, Delaware. My dear Mrs. Hilles, I have your interesting communication of the twentieth. I have always been very partial to legislation granting women additional rights, and feel they should be granted equal rights with men in every particular. I do not know what legislation will be presented at this Session, but am sure you may count on my support for any reasonable legislation leading to this end. With kindest regards, I remain Sincerely your

Image of National Woman's Party Congressional Voting Card Collection - 1932.002.001

National Woman's Party Congressional Voting Card Collection - 1932.002.001

Congressional Voting Card File, 1915-1932 The following is typed on 8.5" x 11" paper stationary Jan. 12, 1932 Mrs. William S. Hilles, Ommelanden, Wilmington, Delaware. My dear Mrs. Hilles, Your letter of January 11th with enclosures received. I will be glad to give the suggested amendment my support. There seems to be so much confusion as to the respective rights of men and women that it seems to be necessary, although it should not be, to have some pronouncement which will clarify the situation. Thank you very much for writing me in reference thereto. Very truly yours, (signed) Robert G. Houston.

Image of National Woman's Party Congressional Voting Card Collection - 1923.025.001

National Woman's Party Congressional Voting Card Collection - 1923.025.001

Congressional Voting Card File, 1915-1932 The following is typed on 8.5" x 11" paper stationary United States Senate Committee on Claims November 21,1923 Mrs. William S. Hilles, 4014 du Pont Building, Wilmington, Delaware. Dear Mrs. Hilles:- I am writing to acknowledge your letter of the 20th, inst. in which you ask my support of the proposed amendment to the Federal Constitution, being the so called Lucretia Mott Amendment, undertaking to give equal rights to women. I note what you say in regard to the proposed action of the Consumers' League and the League of Women Voters, in opposition to the proposed amendment, and naturally suppose that there will be numerous

Image of National Woman's Party Congressional Voting Card Collection - 1923.026.001

National Woman's Party Congressional Voting Card Collection - 1923.026.001

Congressional Voting Card File, 1915-1932 The following is typed on 8.5" x 11" paper stationary Congress of the United States House of Representatives Washington DC November 21, 1923 Mrs. William S. Hilles, 4014 duPont Building, Wilmington, Delaware Dear Mrs. Hilles: I acknowledge receipt of yours of the 20th inst. and will give the proposed amendment to the Federal Constitution, named the Lucretia Mott Amendment, my most careful consideration. Your letter is the first communication that I have received from anyone, calling upon me in behalf of or against the proposed amendment. With kind regards, I am, Very truly yours, (signed) William H. Boyce

Image of National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.026

National Woman's Party Scrapbook Collection - 1944.026

The scrapbook has a worn and faded green fabric cover. A torn paper label affixed to the binding reads "National Woman's Party/Alva Belmont House/Capitol Hill/Washington, D.C." with the title "CLIPPINGS ON DELEGATION TO INTERNATIONAL/WOMAN SUFFRAGE ALLIANCE, PARIS/MAY 30, - JUNE 6, 1926." One of the two screws binding the scrapbook is missing. Pages have torn corners and edges. The pages and newspaper clippings have discolored and become brittle over time. Some pages are detached from the scrapbook, and there are loose newspaper clippings. There are rusty paper clips attaching some newspaper clippings to pages. The content of the clippings is related to the opinions, goals and activiti

Image of National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.291-NEG

National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.291-NEG

Florence Bayard Hilles in a garden in a printed dress and glasses, she smiles

Image of National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.292-NEG

National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.292-NEG

Florence Bayard Hilles sits on the left talking to two other women

Image of National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.293-NEG

National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.293-NEG

Florence Bayard Hilles stands in the middle of two women sitting

Image of National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.294-NEG

National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.294-NEG

Florence Bayard Hilles stands in a garden with her hands crossed at her waist.

Image of National Woman's Party - 1942.001

National Woman's Party - 1942.001

Mounted in a wood frame is the Equality handkerchief initialed by Susan B. Anthony, 1850 ca., along with a hand-written note by Susan B. Anthony's nephew, Luther Anthony. The white linen handkerchief has a hem-stitched border and silk embroidery of the letter S in the corner. The letter written in ink on paper states "To Miss Jeannette Marks/ From/Mary L. Anthony/Equality handkerchief adopted and/ initialed by Susan B. Anthony about 1850." Also, a letter is attached to the back of the frame from Jeannette Marks (see Notes & Legal for transcription).

Image of National Woman's Party Fine Art Collection - 1993.001

National Woman's Party Fine Art Collection - 1993.001

Framed portrait of Florence Bayard Hilles (1865-1954) painted in oil on canvas by Betsey Graves Reyneau (1888-1964). In the portrait, a gray haired Mrs. Hilles is wearing a navy blue jacket and a pearl necklace against a gray background. She is facing forward with her right shoulder angled back. The frame is painted gray. [See "People, Classification, Subjects, Search Terms" below for biographical information on the artist and sitter.]

Image of National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.288-NEG

National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.288-NEG

two women standing in a garden one rest her arm on a planter a flag flies in the background

Image of National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.289-NEG

National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.289-NEG

fullportrait of Florence Bayard Hilles in a garden next to a bird bath

Image of National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.290-NEG

National Woman's Party Photograph Collection - 1910.001.290-NEG

Florence Bayard Hilles in a garden in a printed dress, she smiles